Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet Stockholms universitet

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Large resources are invested in habitat restoration in Sweden each year, e.g. for grasslands to mitigate the loss of biodiversity. Surprisingly, strategies for directing restoration efforts underpinned by thorough ecological knowledge are largely lacking.

There is also a lack of monitoring the success of restoration efforts, and little is known about how efficient these restoration efforts actually are to enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Following restoration, many species need to re-colonize the restored habitat from neighbouring populations.

In this project we investigate how population recovery, community reassembly and the reconstruction of ecosystem functioning after habitat restoration are linked to the structure of the surrounding landscape. We focus on plant and insect communities, and on pollination which is an important ecosystem function provided by the insects. We assess if the species traits that predict re-colonization success are the same that predict extinction risk.

In collaboration with key stakeholders we will provide a knowledge base for designing restoration strategies at the landscape scale, an approach will become increasingly important for managing ecosystems that can buffer against multiple stressors such as land use conversion, invasive species and climate change.

The project is a collaboration between SLU, Department of Ecology and Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology. The project will run 2010-2014 and is funded by FORMAS

[In Swedish (pdf)]